Black workers on Flagler Street, circa 1900. Although Blacks provided almost all the physical labor used to build the city, no Black person could own or operate a business on this or any other street in downtown Miami.

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The 1918 opening of the Christian Hospital, the first hospital for Blacks in Miami. The hospital was erected after Jackson Memorial Hosptial refused to care for a Black woman who worked as a maid for Mrs. Clarence Bush. Bush donated five thousand dollars and five acres of land at 1218 Northwest First Place to establish the hospital.
 

 
Advertisement for the hugely successful Colored Town Bargain Store, owned by S. W. Brown. Black merchants in early Miami could place ads like this one in any of the seven newspapers in circulation at different times during the first few decades of the city's history.

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In 1896, Julia Tuttle and Henry Flagler laid out "Colored Town", west of the railroad tracks between Northwest Sixth and Twelfth streets. It's bustling Avenue G, seen here in 1915, had professional office, more than thirty stores and the Lyric Theater (the building under the cupola).
 


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